Rostov Region is the part of Russian federation, located in the South of
East European Plain and partly in North Caucasus Region occupies large territory
(100,8 thousand sq. Km)of the Lower Don river basin. Borders Donbass in the
West, Central Region in the North and Volga Region in East and Caucasus in
Population: 4286,2 thousand people (according to the January, 1, 2002)
Administartive Center of Rostov Region – Rostov-on-Don with population over
1009 thousand people(according to the January, 1, 2001) – large industrial,
cultural and scientific center, important land and sea routes junction connecting
Ukraine, Volga region and central part of Russia with North Caucasus Region.
Distance from Rostov-on-Don to Moscow is 1226 km
Territory of Rostov Region spreads from West to East and is 455 km long.
From North to South – 475 km. The territory of Rostov region is equal to the
territories Denmark , Belgium, Netherlands taken together. Rostov Region has
land and sea borders with the following regions: West and North-West - Dontsk
and Lougansk Regions of Ukraine; North and North-East – Voronezh and Volgograde
Regions of Russia; East and South-East – Kalmyk Region; South – Stavropol
and Krasnodar Region; South-West is washed by waters Taganrog Bay of Azov
Sea and has sea borders with Ukraine.
River Don — one of the biggest European Rivers — flows its waters
through the Territory of Rostov region.
Rostov region — being the separate administrative center was founded
under the resolution of USSR CIC issued on September, 13, 1937.
Rostov Region is formed by 5 main administrative foundations: 12 cities and
43 rural regions, 4 of which are combined with the Regional Cities.
Main cities of Rostov Region are: Taganrog with the population over 287,6
thousand people, Shakhty – 224,4 thousand people, Novotcherkassk – 186,5 thousand
people, Volgodonsk – 179,2 thousand people, Novoshakhtinsk – 103,1 thousand
people (according to 1998).