Satka municipal district
"It is a favorable territory of successful and happy people where the
riches of the Earth and the nature serve the prosperity of Russia. It is where
young people receive good education, where ideas and knowledge are highly rated,
where social partnership and mutual assistance are
The Satka District is situated in the West of Chelyabinsk Region, in the most
mountain area of South Ural, close to the geographical borderline between Europe
The administrative centre is the town of Satka (founded 1758).
In economic-geographical aspect the Satka District is a unique conglomerate
of a natural, cultural-historical and industrial heritage.
On the one hand, it is the powerful industrial centre which has included the
world biggest refractory plant - "Magnezit" Plant", the Bakalsky
is the oldest of operating in Russia, Satkinsky iron-sme ting factory which
was constructed by baron Sergey Stroganov and the patrimonial of lands
On the other hand, Satka district it is large areas of ecologically clean
plots of territory. According to the experts of the World Wildlife Fund, national
park "Zyuratkul", which occupies third part of the district area,
belongs to number of few places on the Earth with relatively untouched ecosystem
by human presence. In the centre of national park, in the surroundings of majestic
mountain ridges situated lake Zyuratkul, the highest lake in the European part
In taiga village called Porogi within Satka District placed the oldest operating
hydroelectric power station of the Russia, which has given the first current
in July, 1910.
The area abounds with caves, mountain rocks, the rough rivers. The Sikiyaz-Tamakskiy
cave complex, speleo-archeologists were already compared it with archeological
dig of legendary Troy. There throughout seven historical epochs, from the ancient
Stone Age until the Middle Ages, were lived people.
Numerous artifacts indicate, that in an extreme antiquity the territory of
Satka District was one the origin of Indo-European civilizations. Results of
archeological dig shows: people have settled on territory of Zyuratkul very
long time ago, when also wasn't trace of cultures: Mesopotamia, Babylon, Arkaim,
the Egyptian pyramids and Jerusalem. Also here lay the Old Kazan road, which
during three thousand years was used by many people, it was known to nomads
— to Scythians, Sarmatians, Tatar-Mongols.