Aboriginal Culture in Australia
Australia's Aboriginal people have an age-old history with the Australian landscape.
Their people and culture date back 50,000 years. Having survived harsh desert,
fire, drought and flood conditions, Aborigines have passed on from generation
to generation a detailed knowledge of the plants, animals and water sources.
Australia produces a galaxy of goods that are found nowhere else in the world.
Speciality stores that deal exclusively in these products - as well as plenty
of department stores are a great place to pick up a distinctive souvenir.
Australian fashion designers have had a big impact on the international scene.
Among the names to watch for are Collette.
What to do
- Spring September- November
- Catch the Puffing Billy vintage steam railway in the Dandenong Ranges
- Watch the nightly parade of little penguins on Phillip Island
- Travel along the scenic Great Ocean Road
- Relive the goldmining past in Ballarat's Sovereign Hill, an outdoor museum.
- Stay on track when bushwalking
- Use public transport if possible
- Recycle packaging and dispose of rubbish thoughtfully
- Use as little water as possible
- Observe local fire restrictions
- Take photographs
- Take care of the coral reefs by avoiding anchoring and resist the temptation
to collect corals, shells or other reef species
- Show respect for local people, their culture and ways of life
- Marvel at colourful marine life on the Great Barrier Reef, stretching over
2,000km along the coast. The Whitsundays located right in the heart of this
natural wonder features 74 islands. Sail on the azure waters, go snorkelling,
diving, parasailing, and windsurfing or enjoy scenic flights over the reef.
- Stay in romantic island resorts dotted along the coast.
- Take the Skyrail from Cairns to Kuranda in the Atherton Tablelands and return
on the Scenic Railway
- Visit Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park in Cairns
- Experience rural life and pioneering history in the fascinating outback.
Located south of the mainland and accessible by air and vehicle passenger ferry
from Melbourne, Tasmania is known for World Heritage listed wilderness, clean
air, lush green pastures and orchards, historic villages with colonial accommodation.
The capital city Hobart is a friendly city that boasts colonial architecture
and stunning waterfront location on the river Derwent. Take a ride on the Spirit
of Tasmania Drive to the top of Mt Wellington for fine views over the city.
Travel along the Heritage Highway between Hobart and Launceston, featuring
historic villages Explore Port Arthur, the site of the colony's main penal settlement
with many preserved buildings.
Brisbane is the capital with its near perfect climate in a city of open spaces,
dotted with parks, wetlands and eucalypt forests.
- Visit Mt Coottha for panoramic views Go shopping for art and craft at Southbank
Parklands and Riverside markets
- Hand feed wild dolphins and go sand tobogganing on Moreton Island
- Enjoy theme parks, golden beaches, water sports and golf courses on the
Gold Coast and the Sunshine Coast. Go camping on Fraser Island.
Located centrally in Australia, South Australia is best known for its wine
regions, culinary delights, festivals, opals and vast desert landscapes. The
capital, Adelaide is an elegant, spacious city surrounded by green parklands,
on the banks of the River Torrens.
If the ocean is not for you, try a cruise aboard the paddle-steamers that ply
the mighty Murray River in South Australia. They provide a unique look at the
Australian countryside, with a range of accommodation and cruise choices. Other
fabulous cruising areas include the Gippsland Lakes in Victoria, the dolphin
cruises of Jervis Bay and Port Stephens in New South Wales, or the journey that
links Tasmania with mainland Australia.
Whether you fancy the homely feel of a bed and breakfast, or being pampered
in a five-star luxury resort with superb spa and recreational facilities you'll
find something just right for you. If you're feeling adventurous, you can even
try unrolling a swag (bedroll) and sleeping under the stars. From luxurious
five-star hotels to motels, resorts and friendly farm stays, you'll sleep well
and wake refreshed on holiday in Australia. Mature travellers seeking a self-drive
open-road experience will find Australia offers a wide range of caravan and
camp sites. If you'd rather stay in lodgings with a bit of local character,
try Bed and Breakfast accommodation which generally offer a high standard of
accommodation at reasonable prices. Farm Stays offer meals and accommodation
on genuine working rural properties. Your lodgings can range from basic to luxurious
-it's a good idea to inquire first. Seniors are sometimes offered discounts,
and you can participate in a range of typically Australian activities, including
horse-riding, fishing and National Park walks. Prices start at about $A130 per
couple. If you're looking for a place with real character (and real characters,
in many cases!) don't overlook the pub. Aussie pubs typically offer basic but
comfortable accommodation above the bar area and they can be quite an experience.
Local hospitality plus easy access to the bar and dining facilities make a pub
stay an option worth considering.
New South Wales
New South Wales is Australia's oldest established and most populous state.
Visitors can travel through seaside villages, bushland, forests, vineyards,
mountain ranges and desert.
- Walk the foreshore from the Botanic Gardens to the famous Opera House
- Visit the beautiful Blue Mountains
- Go skiing in the Snowy Mountains or enjoy bushwalking and fishing in summer.
- Enjoy the versatile Hunter Region - taste the wines, enjoy watersports, go
horse riding and experience rural life
- Travel along the Pacific Coast Touring Route from Sydney to Brisbane stopping
at Port Macquarie, Coffs Harbour, Byron Bay or make sidetrips into the hinterland
- Discover the rugged outback - Broken Hill and national parks featuring wildlife
and ancient rock carvings
Australian Capital Territory
- Visit our national monuments - the Parliament House, Australian National
Gallery, Australian War Memorial, National Library and the Australian Institute
- Cycle around the waters of Lake Burley Griffin.
- Enjoy the flowers at the colourful spring festival, Floriade
- Watch the sunrise from the gondola of a hot-air balloon
- Enjoy panoramic views from the Rialto Observation Deck
- Take a cruise on the Yarra river
- Try the international cuisine accompanied by Victorian wines from the Yarra
Valley, Rutherglen or Mornington Peninsula.
- Go shopping in Australia's shopping capital. Don't miss Queen Victoria Market.
- Visit Melbourne Zoo
- Enjoy famous events - Australian Open tennis; Grand Prix motor racing; Australian
Football League Grand Final; surfing competitions; Melbourne Cup horse racing
- Take a stroll along leafy North Terrace and in the Botanic Gardens
- Discover the Adelaide Hills, where historic Hahndorf retains the atmosphere
of its German settlers.
- Taste excellent vines of the McLaren Vale, Coonawarra, Clare Valley and the
- Go camping in the rugged Flinders Ranges
- Cruise on a paddle steamer or hire a houseboat and travel down the mighty
The largest state of Australia has many contrasts — beautiful coasts
with long stretches of white sandy beaches, giant karri and jarrah forests and
vast desert landscapes. Situated on the Swan River, Perth is a vigorous young
city on the coast, well planned and spacious and blessed with an enviable climate
and superb location.
- Stroll through Kings Park, and be there for the yearly Wildflower Festival
- Go fishing, diving, snorkelling, swimming and cycling on Rottnest Island
- Travel south to the picturesque wine-growing region of Margaret River, historical
Albany and stately forests
- Dive with the whale sharks at Ningaloo Reef
- See the Pinnacles, fossilised remains of an ancient forest
- Drive through the rugged Kimberley, Australia's last frontier.
- Cruise on the Fannie Bay harbour
- Combine the spectacular sunset with great jazz on the lawns of the casino
- Experience ancient Aboriginal culture in Kakadu, Arnhem Land and the Tiwi
- Take a cruise in Nitmiluk (Katherine Gorge) National Park In the Red Centre
- Experience ancient cave paintings and mystical rock formations in the Uluru-Kata
Tjuta National Park
- Choose from a range of camel tours in the area - some include lunch or dinner