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Arkhangelsk region

Arkhangelsk region

The Russian North has been considered sanctuary of Russian culture from time immemorial. Artists and poets adore the northern nature and the people able to preserve the purity and richness of their inward integrity.

Arkhangelsk is a city with rich historical background. Historically, its favourable geographical position contributed to its becoming major sea and river port.

In the 14th century (or, according to other sources, in the 12th), Novgorodians built here Monastery of Archangel Michael. Surrounded by settlements and quays, it is considered to be founded by St. John, the archbishop of Novgorod. In 1419 the monastery was devastated by Swedes. It caught fire in 1636 to be rebuilt in a new place.

On 4 March 1583, Ivan the Terrible signed an edict authorizing the construction of the city on the right bank of the Northern Dvina, namely, on the cape of Pur-Navolok close to Monastery of Archangel Michael. It took the founders one year 1584 to execute the edict.

Since wood was then the main building material, the city was vulnerable to fires. After the most extensive one, in 1667, Arkhangelsk started, later in the 17th century, to be rebuilt in stone. One of the first stone structures to appear was Gostiny Dvory (medieval trading establishments) which functioned as a fortress, warehouses and trading area. The rebuilding process took 16 years and completed in 1684.

In the age of Peter the Great, Arkhangelsk became a cradle of the Russian naval and merchant shipping. During his first visit to Arkhangelsk in 1693, the Tsar founded a shipyard on the Solombala Island.

Фильтр 
Northern Dvina
Capercailye House
Handicraft yard
Ethnographic tourism
Rest in Arkhangelsk region
Looking at the world
The holiday at the Ice Queen
Trinity Day
St. Basil's church
The Trinity church
Yerophey Pavlovich Khabarov
Zosima Alexeyevich Shashkov
Excursions in Arkhangelsk region
The holiday of the village
Kotlassiya, Dviviya and Dvinosaurs
Nikolay Gerasimovich Kuznetsov
Kotlas
Matryoshka
Art-hotel “Alexandrovsky”
Romanos Resort
Solvychegodsk

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