Being situated in the most continental part of Eurasia, Yakutia is full of
natural contrasts. The climate of Yakutia is sharply continental, that is why
winter is long and cold, while summer is short with quite hot temperatures.
Range of the seasonal temperature is 108 degrees centigrade. Yakutia is the
land of taiga wilderness and vast expanses of tundra, severe mountain ridges
and Arctic stretches, pristine nature, original culture and hospitable
The Lena Pillars Nature Park is well-known outside Yakutia limits. It is a
magnificent place on the bank of the great Lena River. Fanciful pillars resemble
colonnades, towers, arches, cathedrals and castellation walls. The park hosts
numerous species of rare animals and plants. Remains of mammoths, bison and
other prehistoric animals remind of the ancient fauna.
Yakutia is famous for its mineral wealth. Yakutia spreads out to 3 million square
kilometers and is declared to be a treasury of natural resources. Well-known diamond
deposits are in Western Yakutia, a diamond province; gold is in the basins of
the Aldan, the Indigirka and the Yana rivers. More than 90% of diamonds and 40%
of Russia's gold is mined in Yakutia.
Another unique place is 1 he Pole of Cold of the northern hemisphere. It is situated
in Oimyakon. The lowest temperature registered here reached as low as -71.2 CO.
At such low temperatures people live and keep on working all the year round.
Here, in Oymyakon the legendary lake of Labynkyr is located, the largest lake
in Yakutia. The lake length is of 14 km, width is of 4 km and depth of 50 metres.
The lake lies in the deep valley of the same-named river, 600 metres above the
sea level. The forested banks, embayed by picturesque bays, are reaily gorgeous.
Banks crowded with numerous rocks of bizarre form. Giant two-three metres
long reptiles inhabiting the might have set legends about "the northern
dinosaur"- the Labyf...
Travellers from around the world, who are interested in the ancient fauna,
inevitably come to Yakutia to follow the Mammoth Routes. The significant part
of all world-known findings of mammoths, wooly rhinoceros, bison, musk ox and
cave lions has been discovered here. -
Yakutia is a land of long-standing hunting and fishing traditions, one of the
rarest places in the world with preserved virgin nature and animal and vegetal
life diversity. It hosts ten most valuable fur-bearing animals, six species of
wild ungulate animals and about twenty species of water and upland fowl.
Yakutia is the only place in the world where you can see the black crane, Ross'gull
and Siberian white crane. The moose, red deer, reindeer, snow ram/polar and brown
bears, foxes, sable, wolverines abound in pristine taiga, tundra and the eternal
Arctic ice. Mountainous lakes overflow with salmon, burbot and grayling; rivers
are plentiful with Arctic cisco, whitefish, white salmon, pike and pollan. The
local fish is very delicious.
Original folklore, traditional crafts, religion and world-view of Sakha people
are also of great interest. One may get acquainted with them while visiting
a traditional Ysyakh festival, held during the summer solstice on June 21-22.
This ceremony celebration has been brought by ancestors of the Yakut people
from V steppes of Central Asia.
There are many rivers and lakes in the Republic. The favourite catch of local
fishermen is taimen which can weigh up to 30 kg. And those who like extreme
sports can go mountain river rafting.
Beautiful Lena is one of the most powerful rivers in the world. In some areas
it is so wide that you may not even see the opposite bank. During 530 million
years great rock formation along the banks of this river was generated - the Lena
Pillars. The best way to see these natural colonnades, towers, arches is to have
a river cruise along the Lena.
Mysterious Kisilyakh Mountains in the district of Verkhoyane also make a great
impression. Mountains title in Yakut means "stone people". These granite
sculptures up to 30 m high really look like fancifully curved human figures. LCC
"Arc-tica" organizes tours to these places of interest. The company
was given an award "Leader in tourism industry of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)",
and also got a gold medal in competition "Best goods and services of the
Far East - Gemma" in 2010. World heritage objects, mammoths remains preserved
from the Ice Age and modern virgin wildlife, places where our ancestors used to
live and diamonds and coal are mined today, where hydroelectric power stations
and apartment houses are built directly on permafrost - these all travellers can
find in Yakutia.
There is a legend that when God was sharing natural riches among the continents
and .countries and flew over Yakutia, his hands froze and he dropped his treasures,
having scattered gold and diamonds here.
Diamonds deposits are one of the main riches of the Yakut land. In 1954 there
was opened the first kimberlite pipe in the country and jewels extraction was
started. Diamond capital of Yakutia is the city of Mirniy where it is possible
to see how an uncut stone turns into an excellent brilliant.
Tourists who come to the Republic are even offered to go to exotic "mammoth
routes". During such trips it is possible to see where these huge ancient
animals lived, to have an excursion in the Mammoth Museum in Yakutsk and even
visit real archaeological diggings.
So, Yakutia longs to use the tourism industry potential to the maximum. This
region is full of contrasts and although it is far from other tourist centres,
it remains attractive and hospitable.
Holiday's central action is a competition of storytellers of Yakut heroic epos
Olonkho which is recognized as UNESCO non-material cultural heritage. During
the holiday tourists can observe deer races and competitions of local fighters
and try northern cuisine. At the end of Ysyakh celebration people meet sunrise
which is believed to be the time of soul refinement.
Hunting and fishing lovers will especially like rich nature of Yakutia. In
search for adventures you may have hunting tours for elks, brown bears, bighorn
sheep, reindeers or wolves. Also it is possible to spend all the day
There arc own tourist brands in the Republic which favourably distinguish it
from other northern regions of Russia. It should be noted that cultural and
sightseeing tours account for about 20% of internal tourist flow in Yakutia.
For example, within the limits of so-called ethnot-ours, visitors can experience
culture and life of Evenki and other indigenous minorities of the North and
see with their own eyes Ysyakh and other local holidays.
Ysyakh is an ancient cult holiday of the nature revival. Traditionally Yakuts
celebrate Ysyakh on June 21-22, at the day of summer solstice.