The museum complex is located in the historic part of the city — on Bobrik-Mount.
Right here, on the high green hill at the confluence of the rivers Don and Bobrik,
Catherine II founded manor "Bobrik" in the second half of the XVIII
century, which inherited Alexey Bo-brinskii — the son of the Empress and the
Count Grigory Orlov.
Prince S.V. Gagarin supervised the construction of the estate complex. Drafting
of the project of the manor house and the church was entrusted to the talented
Russian architect I.E. Starov. He also designed layout of the park. Prince Gagarin
suggested direct control of the estate to the famous agronomist and horticulturist
of the XVIII century A.T. Bolotov.
In 1815, the architectural complex of the estate got a new building — the ancestral
tomb Bobrinskys earls. It was designed by V. Milinskii and built in the manor
park. The decision on the construction of the tomb was made after the death
of the founder of Bobrinskys family, the Count A.G. Bobrin-sky, by his widow
Anna Vladimirovna. Later in that tomb there were buried four generations Bobrinskys.
In 1920, the burial in the tomb was opened and the ashes of Bobrinskys buried
in a common grave. In 2001, the burial was found in the excavation, and anthropological
analysis was conducted by MSU staff. In December 2003, was the reburial of Bobrinskys
to ancestral family tomb.
Up to the present day from all the vast palace complex preserved wings of the
main house, the temple of the Holy Transfiguration (the federal monument of
XVIII century), a chapel and burial Bobrinskys' (a federal monument of architecture
of XIX century), outbuilding, built in the middle of the XIX century by the
owner of the estate "Bobriki" Earl A. Bobrinsky and manor park. Manor
"Bobriki" — the main exhibit of the museum complex.