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Pyatigorsk

Tourism in Russia > Stavropol territory > Pyatigorsk

Pyatigorsk

Pyatigorsk was found in 1780. A good combination of curative springs of Mt. Mashuk, the highly effective medicinal muds of LakeTambukan, the favourable climatic conditions and the wonderful landscapes contributed to the development of the city as a health resort. The Emperor Alexander I issued an Eddict on arranging special establishments near the mineral springs for providing successful treatment. By this Eddict in 1803 the area of Caucasian Mineral Waters was declared national property.

In our city autumn is usually long, warm and dry. It is the wonderful season, "so charming to the eyes" (as our poet Pushkin wrote), especially favourable for rest and recreation.

The local mineral waters in combination with medicinal muds really make wonders and help to get rid of many ailments, the diseases of the locomotor apparatus, the digestive tract, the cardio-vascular system, gynaecological and skin illnesses and of nervous breakdowns. And even, as the popular opinion goes the delaing the ageing process. Pyatigorsk has managed to preserve the buildings, monuments and the daily round of bygone times. The names of the leading figures of the Russian literature A. Pushkin, L.Tolstoy, of many outstanding writers, artists, composers, actors, doctors, scientists connected with this city. A particular tribute of respect is given to the inspired bard Caucasus - poet M. Lermontov.

Here, at the foot of 17 mountains of volcanic origin, on the comparatively small territory (60x30 km) one can find over 120 mineral springs of 12 various types. The famous Tambukan lake, a «depositary» of curative mud, is situated at a distance of 10 km from Pyatigorsk.

The curative power of these places has been well-known since ancient times. The first written references of them date back to the middle of the 14th century. The official date of their foundation is 1803. Since then, this «Mecca» of health is being visited by thousands of people who have their ailments cured here.

Russian poetry and literature lovers, botanists, ornithologists, farmers, horse-breeders come here from all over the world to get acquainted with our country.

You may come to the Caucasian Mineral Waters by air to the international airport Mineralnye Vody or by train.

 
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