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Yakutia

Yakutia

Being situated in the most continental part of Eurasia, Yakutia is full of natural contrasts. The climate of Yakutia is sharply continental, that is why winter is long and cold, while summer is short with quite hot temperatures. Range of the seasonal temperature is 108 degrees centigrade. Yakutia is the land of taiga wilderness and vast expanses of tundra, severe mountain ridges and Arctic stretches, pristine nature, original culture and hospitable

The Lena Pillars Nature Park is well-known outside Yakutia limits. It is a magnificent place on the bank of the great Lena River. Fanciful pillars resemble colonnades, towers, arches, cathedrals and castellation walls. The park hosts numerous species of rare animals and plants. Remains of mammoths, bison and other prehistoric animals remind of the ancient fauna.

Yakutia is famous for its mineral wealth. Yakutia spreads out to 3 million square kilometers and is declared to be a treasury of natural resources. Well-known diamond deposits are in Western Yakutia, a diamond province; gold is in the basins of the Aldan, the Indigirka and the Yana rivers. More than 90% of diamonds and 40% of Russia's gold is mined in Yakutia.

Another unique place is 1 he Pole of Cold of the northern hemisphere. It is situated in Oimyakon. The lowest temperature registered here reached as low as -71.2 CO. At such low temperatures people live and keep on working all the year round.

Here, in Oymyakon the legendary lake of Labynkyr is located, the largest lake in Yakutia. The lake length is of 14 km, width is of 4 km and depth of 50 metres. The lake lies in the deep valley of the same-named river, 600 metres above the sea level. The forested banks, embayed by picturesque bays, are reaily gorgeous.

Banks crowded with numerous rocks of bizarre form. Giant two-three metres long reptiles inhabiting the might have set legends about "the northern dinosaur"- the Labyf...

Travellers from around the world, who are interested in the ancient fauna, inevitably come to Yakutia to follow the Mammoth Routes. The significant part of all world-known findings of mammoths, wooly rhinoceros, bison, musk ox and cave lions has been discovered here. -

Yakutia is a land of long-standing hunting and fishing traditions, one of the rarest places in the world with preserved virgin nature and animal and vegetal life diversity. It hosts ten most valuable fur-bearing animals, six species of wild ungulate animals and about twenty species of water and upland fowl.

Yakutia is the only place in the world where you can see the black crane, Ross'gull and Siberian white crane. The moose, red deer, reindeer, snow ram/polar and brown bears, foxes, sable, wolverines abound in pristine taiga, tundra and the eternal Arctic ice. Mountainous lakes overflow with salmon, burbot and grayling; rivers are plentiful with Arctic cisco, whitefish, white salmon, pike and pollan. The local fish is very delicious.

Original folklore, traditional crafts, religion and world-view of Sakha people are also of great interest. One may get acquainted with them while visiting a traditional Ysyakh festival, held during the summer solstice on June 21-22. This ceremony celebration has been brought by ancestors of the Yakut people from V steppes of Central Asia.


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