Being situated in the most continental part of Eurasia, Yakutia is full of
natural contrasts. The climate of Yakutia is sharply continental, that is why
winter is long and cold, while summer is short with quite hot temperatures.
Range of the seasonal temperature is 108 degrees centigrade. Yakutia is the
land of taiga wilderness and vast expanses of tundra, severe mountain ridges
and Arctic stretches, pristine nature, original culture and hospitable
The Lena Pillars Nature Park is well-known outside Yakutia limits. It is a
magnificent place on the bank of the great Lena River. Fanciful pillars resemble
colonnades, towers, arches, cathedrals and castellation walls. The park hosts
numerous species of rare animals and plants. Remains of mammoths, bison and
other prehistoric animals remind of the ancient fauna.
Yakutia is famous for its mineral wealth. Yakutia spreads out to 3 million square
kilometers and is declared to be a treasury of natural resources. Well-known diamond
deposits are in Western Yakutia, a diamond province; gold is in the basins of
the Aldan, the Indigirka and the Yana rivers. More than 90% of diamonds and 40%
of Russia's gold is mined in Yakutia.
Another unique place is 1 he Pole of Cold of the northern hemisphere. It is situated
in Oimyakon. The lowest temperature registered here reached as low as -71.2 CO.
At such low temperatures people live and keep on working all the year round.
Here, in Oymyakon the legendary lake of Labynkyr is located, the largest lake
in Yakutia. The lake length is of 14 km, width is of 4 km and depth of 50 metres.
The lake lies in the deep valley of the same-named river, 600 metres above the
sea level. The forested banks, embayed by picturesque bays, are reaily gorgeous.
Banks crowded with numerous rocks of bizarre form. Giant two-three metres
long reptiles inhabiting the might have set legends about "the northern
dinosaur"- the Labyf...
Travellers from around the world, who are interested in the ancient fauna,
inevitably come to Yakutia to follow the Mammoth Routes. The significant part
of all world-known findings of mammoths, wooly rhinoceros, bison, musk ox and
cave lions has been discovered here. -
Yakutia is a land of long-standing hunting and fishing traditions, one of the
rarest places in the world with preserved virgin nature and animal and vegetal
life diversity. It hosts ten most valuable fur-bearing animals, six species of
wild ungulate animals and about twenty species of water and upland fowl.
Yakutia is the only place in the world where you can see the black crane, Ross'gull
and Siberian white crane. The moose, red deer, reindeer, snow ram/polar and brown
bears, foxes, sable, wolverines abound in pristine taiga, tundra and the eternal
Arctic ice. Mountainous lakes overflow with salmon, burbot and grayling; rivers
are plentiful with Arctic cisco, whitefish, white salmon, pike and pollan. The
local fish is very delicious.
Original folklore, traditional crafts, religion and world-view of Sakha people
are also of great interest. One may get acquainted with them while visiting
a traditional Ysyakh festival, held during the summer solstice on June 21-22.
This ceremony celebration has been brought by ancestors of the Yakut people
from V steppes of Central Asia.