> Big northern ring of Nizhny Novgorod
Big northern ring of Nizhny Novgorod region
A wooden fortress and a defensive earth mound that has survived since the
12th century has protected the Russian lands from devastation many times.
The founding of the Feodor Monastery became an important event in the town's
history In 1263 returning from the Golden Horde St. Alexander Nevsky took the
monastic vows under the name of Alexius and passed away. In the 90s, during
archeological excavations, a prince helmet dating to the 13 th century was found
here. After St. Alexander Nevsky's death his son Andrey became a Gorodets prince
thus becoming famous as Andrey of Gorodets. In the 17th century the monastery
chronicles "Kitczh annalist" were created.
In the 14th century even local silver coins were minted in Gorodets. In the
17th century the town became one of the Volga's wooden shipbuilding centers.
In 1722 Peter the Great visited the shipyard, and Catherine the Great was present
at Our Lady of St.Theodore Cathedral's consecration. In the 17th century the
town became a bhold and an unspoken "capital" of Old Believers.
The 19th century became the Golden Era for Gorodets. The town became a large
trade, economic and shipbuilding center.
The magnificent past of the city is retained by the appearance of merchants'
stone houses, adorned with front porches with a lace of castiron sheds and splendid
metal chimneys and drains. Wooden Gorodets houses which are decorated with wood
carvings look like fairytale palaces.
The Gorodets area carefully upholds and promotes the traditions of folk arts
and crafts. Here the traditions of Gorodets ornaments, golden embroidery, wood
carving, honey ginger-breads, pottery, willow weaving, gingerbread mold carving
are still alive. Gorodets is justly called the "Craftsmen Town". Annually,
every July, the festival of folk arts and crafts "The Fraternity of Folk
Craftsmen' takes place here, and the second Saturday in September the Town Day
celebration is held.
Modern Gorodets is also a "museum capital". Sim 2003 the regional
festival "Nizhny Novgorod Museu Capital" takes place here every September.
A "museu block" was opened to unite some of the museums th; make a
part of Gorodets historic and art complex. Tf building complex "Craftsmen
Town" opened in 20C and has become a part of the museum gallery in th ancient
town as well as one of the most popular destin, tions.
The best known Gorodets museums are: "Craftsme Town", "Samovar
Museum", "Gingerbread Museun "Welfare Museum" Local History
Museum, Panir Memorial Estate and School Museum.