Moscow > State Historical Museum
State Historical Museum in Moscow
THE MYSTERIES OF THE VANISHED CIVILIZATIONS
The Historical Museum offers you a unique opportunity to see amazing heritage
of vanished civilizations that existed on the territory of Russia in the period
of antiquity and the Middle Ages. Most of the artifacts on display are archaeological
finds. They are silent witnesses of civilizations that disappeared long ago.
A glimpse through the mist of time gives you a chance to appreciate the glory
and eminence of ancient cultures. Each of those ancient civilizations contributed
to cultural heritage of Russia and found its continuation in the present-day
world. An insight into the world of antiquity gives a better understanding of
humanity, its origin and destiny. Antiquity attracts and captivates everyone
with its charisma and enigmatic charm.
HISTORICAL MASTERPIECES OF THE GOLDEN DEPOSITORY (TOUR OF THE EXHIBITION "GOLD.
METAL OF THE GODS AND THE KING OF METALS")
The exhibition "The Gold - Metal of the Gods and the King of Metals"
is located in the museum's three central halls. The Byzantine Room is beyond
doubt considered as the most beautiful hall in the Museum.The exhibition represents
Gold as a symbol of heavenly and earthly powers, wealth and luxury. Have a look
at the exquisite presentation of the most mysterious metal - the Gold, a metal
that never rusts and is always bright and shiny. Those virtues of Gold determined
its role in the creation of religious objects and attributes of power and authority.
Most of the rarities exhibited there come from the Golden Vault - the Special
Depository of the Historical Museum. The visitors are always amazed by skill
and creativity of authors of more than 900 masterpieces displayed there. These
items represent works anonymous goldsmiths and renowned jewelers, medalists,
armorers, bronze casters and glass blowers.
TREASURES OF THE HISTORICAL MUSEUM
We invite our guests to see the most significant relics of the museum's collection.
The permanent exposition of the Museum reflects history of several millenniums:
from the Stone Age to the beginning of the 20th century. The tour of the museum
starts in one of its most beautiful halls - the Main Lobby ("Paradnyje
seni" in Russian). This room astonishes with its splendor and eminence.
The dome of the Main Lobby is decorated with the Family Tree of Russian Rulers.
There are images of all Grand Princes, Czars and Emperors. The unique design
of interiors of halls of the first floor corresponds with historical epochs
those rooms are devoted to. For instance, the decorative patterns on the window
platbands in hall №5 replicate the ornamental motifs of the metal buckles found
during the excavations in Vladimir region. Meantime, the interior of hall №10
is made after the pattern of bas-reliefs and wall painting and mosaic floors
of cathedrals of old Vladimir. The visitors are able to see unique archeological
finds: a dug-out boat of the Neolithic era; the Kolikho dolmen - a unique monument
of the Bronze Age ever exhibited inside a museum; bronze items as the samples
of highly artistic casting; the Taman marble sarcophagus - the outstanding monument
of antique art. The visitors will discover relics of the Middle Ages: the first
Russian coins (golden and silver); ancient manuscripts, and birch-bark letters;
the decoration of clothes of Princes and Boyars; armor and weapons of Russian
warriors; the portraits of Russian Grand Princes and Czars painted in 17th Century;
personal belongings of Moscow sovereigns; skilful works of icon-painters, embroiderers,
wood- and bone carvers. Significant events of the Russian history of the XVIII-XIX
centuries are reflected in wartime relics; works of decorative and applied arts;
written documents; portraits of the Emperors, statesmen and public figures,
paintings and prints.
MOSCOW AND MUSCOVITES DURING THE TIME OF IVAN THE TERRIBLE
The Museum preserves unique relics - old books, icons, "parsuna"
paintings ("parsuna"is a depiction of a particular «person», it is
an old Russian form of portrait resembling icon paintings in technique and style),
arms and armor, and articles of everyday life. These artifacts provide an exciting
insight into fascinating life in Moscow and its inhabitants of the 16th. It
allows to get a feel of that era and to learn about the major events of that
dramatic time. The visitors can see personal belongings of the first Russian
Czar, including his cilice (hair shirt), special prayer clothing. This tour
will be followed by a walk through Red Square, where visitors get become acquainted
with the architectural ensemble of the capital's center, and hear a thrilling,
captivating story about remarkable facts from the everyday Life of the city
dwellers in the reign of Ivan the Terrible.
ARTIFACTS AND RELICS OF THE RUSSIAN HISTORY OF THE 18th—19th CENTURIES
This excursion allows visitors to see with their own eyes personal belongings
of Russian Emperors, public figures, statesmen, military commanders, scientists
and artists. The invaluable relics preserved in the Historical Museum. The priceless
evidence of the glorious and heroic past of Russia includes arms and banners,
uniforms, orders and medals, trophies of the Russian army, and scale mock-ups
of warships that took part in great sea battles. The extraordinarily rich collection
of portraits, paintings and prints, glass goblets, sets of porcelain tableware,
snuffboxes and jewelry provide a stunning reflection of the cultural aspect
of public life.
TRADITION OF CELEBRATING THE NAME DAY IN RUSSIA
The visitors will join traditional Russian games and amusements of Name day
celebration. Visitors will learn how Name days were celebrated in Russia and
how important where godparents in people's lives. Participants of this theatrical
tour will be guided through the museum's exposition by Russian Czar, Czarevna
(Czar's daughter) and Boyars. Visitors will learn how Boyar's home was organized
and about traditions of celebrating the Name day in the Czar's family. Visitors
will hear Gusli (psaltery) music and traditional songs that accompany this show.
In the end Czarevna wilL treat everyone to snacks and refreshments.