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Many years ago, this place was a steep cliff by the Yauza River, which was
navigable in those days. It is believed that the young Peter the Great trained
here on his small boat, Nikoloyamskaya Embankment along the left the in the
19th century following the traditions to name streets after the owners of houses
in that ðlacå. Sivyakov Lane I ends at the old Nikoloyamskaya Street, named
after the church of St. Nicholas in Rogozhskaya Yamskaya Settlement, popularly
called the church of «St. Nicholas on the Pits» (Yama means Pit.
Before the revolution the nearby area was butt up with merchants' houses,
whose gardens and luxurious orchards swept away to the Yauza rivers bank. Nikoloyamskaya
street was populated by representatives of merchant dynasties of the Morozov,
Elagin, Alexeyev, Shelaputin, Baulin, Zalogin, Ptitsyn, Vasilyev. During the
Soviet period Nikoloyamskaya Street was renamed into Ul'yanovskaya Street after
the real surname of V.I. Lenin. The Yauza River banks are connected by Vysokoyauzskiy
Bridge, which was repaired many times in the old days, even destroyed and built
anew. This event is covered by Lev Tolstoy in his novel «Àïïà Karenina-: -...is
the Yauzskiy Bridge erected or do we still have to go round.
The ancient chambers of Ptitsyn (building 49) are ðreserved on Nikoloyamskaya
street. They were built in the mid 18th century by Dmitry Vasilyevich Uhtomskiy,
chief architect of Moscow during the reign of Empress Elizasabeth. Given that
this area was the Moscow outskirts in the 18th century, one can assume that
the Ptitsyn family were quite rich, as they could have ordered construction
work by such a famous architect. In the nearby Shelaputinskiy Lane you can see
an ancient building from the late 19th century, built by the Morozov merchants
- a free hospital for poor people. In the Soviet period it was transformed into
the Clara Zetkin Maternity Hospital.
There is a trolleybus stop near the park. For more than 100 years, it has
been the stop for the route «Â» («Á» in Russian) going along the Sadovoye Koltso
Ring Road. Until the 1930s, the route «B» was served by the tram and trolleybus
gently nicknamed the «little bug» by Muscovites. Now this trolleybus takes people
along the Sadovoye Koltso Road nonstop 24/7. At the corner of Sivyakov Lane
there; are buildings of the K. Razumovskiy Moscow State University of Technology
and Management, established in 1953 and formerly known as All-Union Correspondence
Institute of Food Industry. Specialists for the food processing industry, fisheries
enterprises and public catering are trained there.
The Building of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences
This tall architectural complex is always a focus of everyone's attention.
It had been under construction for along time: Over twenty years passed from
the decision made in 1966 to the phase completion in 1990. Now, the building
crowned with a golden 'crown' that is popularly named.