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Moscow Architecture

Cultural tourism in Russia > Moscow > Moscow Architecture

Moscow Architecture

Many years ago, this place was a steep cliff by the Yauza River, which was navigable in those days. It is believed that the young Peter the Great trained here on his small boat, Nikoloyamskaya Embankment along the left the in the 19th century following the traditions to name streets after the owners of houses in that lac. Sivyakov Lane I ends at the old Nikoloyamskaya Street, named after the church of St. Nicholas in Rogozhskaya Yamskaya Settlement, popularly called the church of St. Nicholas on the Pits (Yama means Pit.

Before the revolution the nearby area was butt up with merchants' houses, whose gardens and luxurious orchards swept away to the Yauza rivers bank. Nikoloyamskaya street was populated by representatives of merchant dynasties of the Morozov, Elagin, Alexeyev, Shelaputin, Baulin, Zalogin, Ptitsyn, Vasilyev. During the Soviet period Nikoloyamskaya Street was renamed into Ul'yanovskaya Street after the real surname of V.I. Lenin. The Yauza River banks are connected by Vysokoyauzskiy Bridge, which was repaired many times in the old days, even destroyed and built anew. This event is covered by Lev Tolstoy in his novel Karenina-: -...is the Yauzskiy Bridge erected or do we still have to go round.

The ancient chambers of Ptitsyn (building 49) are reserved on Nikoloyamskaya street. They were built in the mid 18th century by Dmitry Vasilyevich Uhtomskiy, chief architect of Moscow during the reign of Empress Elizasabeth. Given that this area was the Moscow outskirts in the 18th century, one can assume that the Ptitsyn family were quite rich, as they could have ordered construction work by such a famous architect. In the nearby Shelaputinskiy Lane you can see an ancient building from the late 19th century, built by the Morozov merchants - a free hospital for poor people. In the Soviet period it was transformed into the Clara Zetkin Maternity Hospital.

There is a trolleybus stop near the park. For more than 100 years, it has been the stop for the route » ( in Russian) going along the Sadovoye Koltso Ring Road. Until the 1930s, the route B was served by the tram and trolleybus gently nicknamed the little bug by Muscovites. Now this trolleybus takes people along the Sadovoye Koltso Road nonstop 24/7. At the corner of Sivyakov Lane there; are buildings of the K. Razumovskiy Moscow State University of Technology and Management, established in 1953 and formerly known as All-Union Correspondence Institute of Food Industry. Specialists for the food processing industry, fisheries enterprises and public catering are trained there.

The Building of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences

This tall architectural complex is always a focus of everyone's attention. It had been under construction for along time: Over twenty years passed from the decision made in 1966 to the phase completion in 1990. Now, the building crowned with a golden 'crown' that is popularly named.

 
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