Cultural tourism in
Russia > Kirov region
Urzhum is the center of the area of the Kirov region. It is located in the
south of the region, on the bank of the Urzhumka River (a tributary of the
Vyatka). The distance to Kirov is 195 km. The population of the town is 12
thousand persons. Urzhum is included into the list of Russia’s historical
The town was founded in the 16th century on the lands of Mari tribes. The
word Urzhum is translated from the Mari language as “I saw a squirrel”.
Urzhum still has quite a few features of a country town of the 19th century.
The central street of the town, Sovetskaya Street (ex-Voskresenskaya), is
built up with small one- and two-storeyed stone private houses once owned
by local merchants, lumbermen, noblemen, and officials. Five-domed Trinity
Cathedral built of red brick in the 19th century is a true adornment of the
Urzhum is the native town of Sergey Mironovich Kirov (1886-1934), a prominent
Russian statesman. The regional center was named after him. Sergey Kostrikov
spent his childhood and youth and received his start in life here. S.M. Kirov’s
relatives are buried in Urzhum. In 1935, The S.M. Kirov Museum was opened
in a wooden five-wall house built by his grandfather.
The name of a prominent Russian poet N.A. Zabolotsky (1903-1958) is closely
associated with Urzhum. Every year, well-known writers, poets, artists and
musicians from the Kirov region and other Russian regions, as well as beginners
meet in Urzhum to celebrate the poet’s anniversary.
The Urzhum area has resources for promotion of cultural, ethnographic and
The S.M. Kirov Memorial Museum
70, Kirov Street, Urzhum, 613530