Culture and landscape of Catalonia
Horses, red deer, bulls, archers and hunters: schematic and abstract drawings
of figures which anticipate the discoveries of modern art. The Mediterranean
region of the Iberian Peninsula boasts the most important collection of rock
paintings in Europe, declared World Heritage by UNESCO. Catalonia plays host
to 60 sets of paintings in stone, caves and rock shelters: a fascinating and
intriguing legacy that transports us to the beginnings of civilisation.
Neolithic man buried the dead in the ridges encircling settlements. Menhirs
and dolmens can be seen in other places. Many of these monuments have been conserved
and exemplify a heritage in full harmony with the landscape.
Megalithic monuments in the Serra de I'Abera. Five signposted routes allow visitors
to discover a collection of 115 dolmens and 15 menhirs dating from Neolithic
times between La Jonquera and Vilamaniscle, a stone's throw from Cap de Creus
Various megalithic monuments can also be seen in the surrounding area of Llanga,
Port de la Selva and Cadaques, near the sea. A megalithic route brings together
three unique dolmens in Roses.
Dolmen of the Cova d'en Daina.
A large-scale very well preserved tomb in Romanya de la Setoa (Costa Brava).
Places to see
Cave art route. Coordinated by the %0 Museu d'Arqueologia de Catalunya, it
takes in three prehistoric sites:
Abrics de I'Ermita Rock Painting Interpretation Centre in Ulldecona (Montsia,
Tarragona). Eleven rock shelters featuring paintings of hunters and symbolic
figures, and an interpretation centre to gain a better understanding of the
context and the symbolism.
Prades Mountains Rock Painting Interpretation Centre in Montblanc
(Conca de Barbera, Tarragona).
An approximation of prehistory from the perspective of art and the history
Roca dels Moros at El Cogul
(Les Garrigues, Lleida). The most well-known collection of rock paintings
in Catalonia. Noteworthy among the animal and human figures of El Cogul is the
depiction of a ritual dance: the phallic dance.