Hotan Prefecture Hotan
Hotan, know'n as Yutian in ancient times, is located on the southern rim of
Tarim Basin in southwest Xinjiang. It was one of the earliest Buddhist centers
in the West Regions. In the Tang Dynasty, songs and dance from Hotan enjoyed
great popularity in the imperial court. Hotan used to be the home of silk along
the Silk Road, too. Silk, jade and carpets are known as its three treasures.
Tourist attractions include Yuetegan Ruins, the Ancient City of Melikawat, Niya
Ruins, Eastern Han Tombs and Cliff Carvings in Sangzhu.
Niya Ruins are located in the desert about 150 km north of Minfeng. Covering
a large area about 22 km in length from south to north and 10 km in width from
east to west, ш№ the ruins are scattered anions; the dunes and basins. Traces
of canals and river courses can still be found. Unearthed from the ruins were
a great number of scriptures, ancient coins, bamboo and wooden slips with ancient
inscriptions, and silk and linen fabrics.