Azerbaijan > Shamakhi
The Shamakhi District is located on the south-eastern foothills of the Greater
Caucasus, 123 km from Baku.
The Shamakhi District has been one of the greatest centers of Azerbaijani viticulture
since ancient times. The versatility of varieties, favorable climate and centuries-old
traditions of viticulture cause the permanent success of Shamakhi wines beyond
Azerbaijan. Connoisseurs from Western Europe, e.g. the Portuguese, had already
been buying the local wine in the 16th century. The Shamakhi vine is said to
have been exported to France, and globally recognized wines were produced from
it. The Madrasah vine, which produces excellent dark-ruby wine with the same
name, is considered the most valuable grape variety. The Shamakhi wines are
popular not only in the domestic market, but also win medals and diplomas of
international exhibitions. An Agrarians' Association has been established and
two primary wine processing plants have been restored. Private wine-making entities
are also developing.