Azerbaijan > Greater Baku
Geography Baku is the capital of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The city is situated
on the western coast of the Caspian Sea, on the southern part of the Absheron
Peninsula. Though separate administrative units, the 32 towns of Absheron have
always been inseparable from the capital culturally, economically and spatially.
Therefore, the whole Absheron peninsula is called Greater Baku.
The Absheron is a center of traditional viticulture. Common here, ' trailing
vineyards are protected from many diseases due to khazri, a wind flowing from
the Caspian Sea. There are more than 50 grape varieties grown on the Absheron,
mostly sugary sorts like shani.
The Grape Harvest Festival is held annually in Icherisheher where the Azerbaijani
winegrowers and winemakers demonstrate the best samples of their products.