The estate name – Petrovskoe – opens up a very rich historical layer. Near
the village Kuchane, which is mentioned in the cadastres of the 16s century
as Kuchanskaya, a new patrimony of Pushkin’s ancestors revived. In 1742 Russian
Empress Elizaveta Petrovna presented it to Pushkin’s great-grandfather Abram
Petrovich Hannibal, “The Blackamoor of Peter the Great” (1696?-1781). After
his death Petrovskoe passed to his middle son, Pyotr – Pushkin’s cousin twice
removed, who lived there 40 years. Pyotr gave the estate the very view that
Pushkin found and that still partially exists. From him Pushkin got very interesting
documents relating to the Hannibal genealogy.
In 1822-1839 the son of Peter Abramovich, Veniamin – Pushkin’s uncle, became
the owner of Petrovskoe.
After death of the last of the Hannibals, Veniamin Petrovich, Petrovskoe
passed to the Knyazhevichi, who owned the estate till 1917. They held sacred
the memory of Pushkin, carefully keeping the estate, avoiding reconstruction
of the manor house.
In troubled days of the civil war in 1918 February 19, the estate was burnt
In September 1969 the Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation adopted
a special decree on restoring the house of Hannibals in Petrovskoe. In 1977
the doors of the house-museum were widely open for tourists from all parts
of the country and abroad.
By the 200th anniversary of Pushkin’s birth the scale reconstruction of
the estate of the poet’s ancestors was carried out, as a result of which the
house the house of Peter the Great’s Blackamoor is restored.
The museum expositions allow the visitors to receive the richest information
on life and activity of the Hannibals of three generations, passed one way
or another throught Pushkin’s in his lineage reflected in his work. Among
them: “Peter the Great’s Blackamoor”, and “My lineage” and “How the Czar’s
Blackamoor Thought Of Marrying” and “Start Of An Autobiography” and others.